Thailand is a wondrous kingdom, blessed by Mother Nature with spectacular landscapes, shaped by history and traditions, featuring Buddhist temples, exotic wildlife, and spectacular islands. Along with a fascinating history and a unique culture that includes delectable Thai food and massage, Thailand features a modern capital city, and friendly people who epitomize Thailand’s “Land of Smiles” reputation.
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A journey into The Land of Smiles is more than fulfilling, since the traveler can explore big cities and remote villages, can walk on mountain trails and rainforest paths. From Thai cuisine to Muay Thai shows, from impressive temples to gracious folk dancers, from diving, cycling or hiking to soothing spa treatments, from shopping to meditation, the attractions are practically unlimited and outstanding.
Thailand is blessed with breathtaking views, pristine beaches, spectacular cliffs and mountains. It is a country with abundant natural resources, including a wide variety of flora and fauna, and distinct ecological zones.
There are plenty of destinations to choose from in any of the five regions of Thailand: North, Northeast, East, Central, and South.
The North of Thailand with its mountainous peaks, replete with wildlife and home to exotic hill tribes, will charm any traveler. It is here that you will find colorful celebrations where everyone is invited and treated as a guest, it is here that you will have the chance to interact with elephants and try your hand at being an elephant care-taker and it is here that you can best understand Thailand's history and culture. The city of Chiang Mai, the ancient capital of Sukhothai, the Golden Triangle, bordering the majestic Mekong river and many other sights can be visited in the north of Thailand.
The central plains (the “Rice Bowl of Asia”) with their endless rice paddies are also home to 'the bridge over the River Kwai', the renowned floating markets, a wondrous former capital of Siam – Ayutthaya, as well as the bustling, cosmopolitan city of Bangkok.
Extending to the south are spectacular islands and beaches with unlimited opportunities for relaxing holidays in the sun. It is no surprise that Thailand is famous for it's long sandy beaches and the clear blue water as it is blessed with over 3200 kilometers of coastline and over 1400 islands, located both in the Gulf of Thailand and in the Andaman Sea. That makes southern Thailand a year-round destination for sun lovers.
No least, if you want to delve into Thailand's traditional culture and way-of-life, the northeastern plateau (stretching to the Mekong River border with Laos) should be your destination of choice. This is where Thailand is at its greenest, it is a region of stunning mountainous landscapes, pristine nature and quaint traditional villages.
A trip to any of these areas will enrich you culturally and spiritually, but if you really want to understand Thai culture, you have to visit Thailand's temples, talk to the people, learn about handicrafts, eat with the locals and get an understanding of Thailand and the Thai people’s way of life, or what we call ‘Thainess’ - that unique trait of the Thai people that makes the Kingdom one of the most welcoming and desired destinations in the world. You will find a world of colors, fragrances and smiles.
Thailand, the only Southeast Asian nation never to have been colonized by European powers, is a constitutional monarchy whose current head of state is HM Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun since 2016. A unified Thai Kingdom has existed since the mid-14th century, and Thailand was known as Siam until 1939 when it officially became the Kingdom of Thailand. The capital city of Thailand is Bangkok.
Covering 510.890 square kilometers of land, Thailand is the 50th largest country in the world; most nearly equal in size to Spain and roughly equivalent in size to France or Texas. The coastline of Thailand is 3.219 km long and its longest shared border is with Myanmar (Burma), stretching 1.800 kilometer.
There are over 100 Thailand national parks, including more than 20 marine parks.
Its highest peak, Doi Inthanon, is 2.565 meters above sea level and its lowest point situated in the Gulf of Thailand is at sea level – 0 meters.
Located just 15 degrees north of the equator, Thailand has a tropical climate and temperatures typically range from 19 to 38 degrees C.
The weather in Thailand is generally hot and humid: typical of its location within the tropics. Generally speaking, Thailand can be divided into three seasons: “hot” season, rainy season, and “cool” season, though Thailand’s geography allows visitors to find suitable weather somewhere in the country throughout the year.
More than 92% of the population speaks Thai or one of its regional dialects. While the Thai language is the official language of Thailand, as a result of its cosmopolitan capital city and established tourism infrastructure, English is spoken and understood throughout much of Thailand.
The currency of Thailand is the Thai Baht. Baht come in both coin and banknote form. The size of Thai currency, both coins and bills increases with value and varies in color.
Thailand Standard time is GMT +7. Thailand does not observe daylight savings.
Electrical outlets in Thailand are charged to 220v at 50 cycles per second, which is compatible with appliances from the U.K. Outlets in Thailand generally feature flat, two pronged plugs, though some feature holes for round plug ends. Few outlets feature three holes (grounded outlets) so it is often necessary to have a three to two prong adapter for using notebook computers in Thailand.
Telephone & internet
The Thai phone system is both modern and widespread, with comprehensive coverage for cell phones and reliable pay phones found throughout the kingdom. Purchasing a second-hand Thai phone is inexpensive and convenient, and calling from Thailand on a public phone is easy with a phone card available at most convenience stores.
There are traveler sim cards available at specialized stores in every international airport. These traveler sim cards usually come with included data plan and will generally be the best solution for those who wish to have a 24/7 internet connection while on holidays.